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Tax haven data leak raises questions

Monday, April 8, 2013

PARIS—It’s a data leak involving tens of thousands of offshore bank accounts, naming dozens of prominent figures around the world. And new details are being released by the day—raising the prospect that accounts based on promises of secrecy and tax shelter could someday offer neither.


Among those named include a top campaign official in France, the ex-wife of pardoned oil trader Marc Rich, Azerbaijan’s ruling family, the daughter of Imelda Marcos and the late Baron Elie de Rothschild. The widespread use of offshore accounts among the wealthy is widely known — even Mitt Romney acknowledged stashing some of his millions in investments in the Cayman Islands.


But last week’s leak, orchestrated by a Washington-based group called the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, appeared to be the broadest in what has been a steady stream of information emerging about hidden money in recent years amid a wave of anger targeting the super-rich in an age of austerity.


The leak allegedly involved records from ten tax havens, where the world’s wealthy have long stashed funds. It uncovered a shadow network of empty holding companies and names essentially rented out to fill out boards of non-existent corporations, including a British couple listed as active in more than 2,000 entities, according to The Guardian newspaper, which participated in the global undertaking.


The project started with the receipt of a hard drive by an Australian journalist, Gerard Ryle, who took the data with him when he joined the consortium, according to the project’s Web site. The group, a project of the Washington-based Center for Public Integrity, has said the hard drive arrived in the mail.


“We know the data is valid. We know who originally produced the data and we’ve done massive crosschecks to make sure what we’re getting is accurate and isn’t corrupted,” said Michael Hudson, a senior editor on the project. Rudolf Elmer, who once ran the Caribbean operations of the Swiss bank Julius Baer and turned whistleblower after he was dismissed in 2002, told The Associated Press that he considers the data to be authentic.


“This comprehensive information is like a torch that will probably set off a wildfire and bring to light a lot more about secretive tax havens,” he said. The secret bank accounts of the rich and powerful have recently come under a crush of whistle-blowing scrutiny.


France’s former budget minister, Jerome Cahuzac, was forced to resign last month after a French investigative Web site unrelated to the latest leak revealed that he held offshore accounts—a particularly damaging scandal because he was spearheading a campaign against tax evasion. In 2010, a Greek journalist published a list of about 2,000 people holding undeclared Swiss bank accounts, disclosures that triggered a firestorm of outrage as Greeks were forced to swallow brutal austerity measures.


In November, an HSBC insider leaked a list of more than 8,000 customers with accounts based in Britain’s tiny Jersey Island, drawing an immediate tax investigation from Britain’s revenue and customs service. Two years before that, a former HSBC employee stole account details for 24,000 clients. Germany, eager to learn about its own tax cheats, promptly offered to buy the information.


There is nothing inherently illegal about opening bank accounts overseas, but it’s well known that the wealthy use them to avoid higher taxes at home—a practice that Saint-Amans said was quickly falling afoul of governments desperate for revenue, especially those suffering in the European financial crisis.


Britain has an outsized share of offshore territories, which include the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands and the Channel Islands, whose 4½ square miles (12 square kilometres) are saturated with current and former British company directors, according to The Guardian. “Britain has this network of satellite tax havens around the world that have been acting as feeders,” said Nicholas Shaxon, author of the book Treasure Islands.


“I hope this has created a new willingness among players who are inside the system to say, ‘Hang on, maybe this isn’t such a good thing,’” Shaxon said.


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