When indentured labour began entering Trinidad from India in 1845, the overwhelming majority of these people were Hindus with a small number of Muslims.
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Cummings has echoed the call of UWI senior lecturer in sociology Dr Ronald Marshall, who also said that as violence was becoming more lethal, innovative homicide-prevention strategies shouldn’t even be a second thought. Cummings said these strategies would explore offender motivation, perception, social learning and social conditioning.
“We need to deconstruct homicide because gun violence continues to drain the vitality out of our nation. We also need to pay particular attention to interpersonal violence which is rapidly turning into domestic homicide.” Asked whether or not the intelligence of perpetrators of these crimes is being underestimated, she said that current policing methods are outdated. She also suggested that there would be no reduction in homicides in T&T anytime soon, because approaches to violence reduction are “not working fast enough.”
Cummings added that the current law enforcement model cannot reduce homicides. She warned that the lack of a comprehensive homicide initiative is allowing criminals to work the system in their favour, since criminals, she said, have a better-than-average understanding of the deficits in law enforcement and the loopholes in the criminal justice system, including the extremely low detection rate.
Dr Marshall also expressed that sentiment during an exclusive interview with the Sunday Guardian. “You have all this high-tech monitoring equipment in SAUTT, all this information gathered over the last few years, and yet criminals are one step ahead of you? Something is leaking somewhere,” Marshall said. The complete reports can be found online at www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/homicide